DIRECT – Dynamic Industry Resource - Efficiency Calculation Tool

Site assessment

Data collection for site assessment

In the DIRECT process, if you are having difficulties in collecting required data from existing company databases (and from other sources), you may need to undertake a visual site assessment. This section provides information on how to conduct a site assessment, which comprises of the following three steps:

  • Site step 1: Schedule activities
  • Site step 2: Conduct resource observations
  • Site step 3: Record information



Site step 1: Schedule activities

This step consists of scheduling the activities within a company that needs to be observed. This includes:

  1. Contacting site agents, suppliers, etc. about a meeting on site
  2. Expressing the purpose of the visit/s
  3. Scheduling the visits with agents on site

Site step 2: Conduct resource observations

This step consists of conducting resource (including waste) observations. This may include observing material and energy inputs needed on site such as:

  1. Mass (or volume) of each material input (e.g. ingredient, packaging, etc.)
  2. Volume of water used and wasted (including for cleaning)
  3. Energy (e.g. for lighting, storage, freezing, cooking, etc.)

Other observations include material and energy outputs generated on site such as mass (or volume) of each output generated (e.g product, co-product, packaging, waste, etc.). Visits include observations of on-site bins to determine:

  • Volume of bins
  • Waste type and waste treatment destination (e.g. composting, recycling, landfill, reuse, etc.)



CFD FoodSite assessment participants should also record and observe any additional waste during production, supply chain, etc., such as:

  • Volume of waste
  • Waste type and waste treatment destination (e.g. composting, recycling, landfill, reuse, etc.)

Site step 3: Record information

The final step of the site assessment includes documentation such as:

  • Mapping the site that is visited, taking pictures (room, machines, bins, etc.)
  • Recording of conversations with site agents, suppliers, etc.
  • Calculation of material and energy input and output (including waste) used on the visited site (in kg/year).